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effects of hurricanes on plants and animals

November 30 of each year. It was during this period that the weather conditions exist in combination with hot water temperatures that have the best chance of one of these storms developing. Tropical climates and areas along the US coast are prone to experience these storms. Although these storms can have many devastating effects, here are some of the most common examples of damage caused by hurricanes. Hurricanes tend to cause torrential rain onshore can cause flooding in the affected areas. It is not uncommon for rain totals measured in feet upon impact of hurricanes. These rains could further jeopardize drainage systems that are already working overtime to accommodate the influx of water. In addition, for those in the low-lying areas where other water issues are a concern, additional rainfall can complicate things and increase the damage that owners experience. These tropical systems produce violent storms that are normally accompanied by lightning, tornadoes important and sometimes hail. Storm surges are of particular interest to people living in coastal communities. These areas are often low-lying and can be affected by coastal flooding large areas of water. A storm surge occurs when water is pushed ashore by the storm. Hurricanes produce two distinct directions of the wind because of the cyclone activity. It is common for a tropical system to draw water away from the coast to approach the shore. When the eye passed an area, the wind moves in the opposite direction and pushes water back on shore. Surge can be particularly dangerous and have devastating effects. Water levels often increase rapidly, and surges typically measure a significant increase in the level of water in a location that can cause catastrophic flooding. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has become more able to predict the possible storm waves so that people in the affected areas can get out before it's too late. Wind speed is the central component to measure the...

armest, and the sky is at its bluest. However, from June to November, a number of storms or tropical storms and hurricanes, are possible in the region as time is regarded as the hurricane season in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. During the peak season turbulent weather, high winds, rain, lightning, tornadoes and landslides have even been known to affect every island nation in the Caribbean. With this being a known fact, many people are reluctant to book travel in the Caribbean until the winter or spring, whatever the promise of the crystal blue water and white sand beaches. However, with proper planning and an eye to the sky, you can enjoy a tropical vacation success even at the height of hurricane season. If you want to travel a hurricane season in the Caribbean and you do not want to ruin your trip or canceled, you will find very beneficial cruise lines. A cruise that offers a route with multiple locations is a good alternative than flying on an island of selected Caribbean. These floating paradise can avoid hurricanes that the cruise line monitor all weather systems that begin off the coast of Africa or culture in the Atlantic Ocean. While you can suffer weather-related delays, or even change of destination, you will never meet a canceled trips with cruise line. Cruise lines offer many activities and amenities to make your stay worthwhile. One of the wisest things you can put you in is to take out travel insurance to compensate you if a storm prevents you from traveling or makes you cut your journey short. You must remember that while insurance companies can offer travel insurance, each policy is different. You must ensure that you select a policy that is linked to your travel in a potential situation of hurricanes. For a holiday trip hurricane risk, look for insurance plans that cover your hotel accommodations, airline tickets and cruise fare if the trip is interrupted, delayed or canceled. The best insurance policy will...

residents and visitors to the area should be aware that a great storm is a possibility. Although they can be scary, there are steps you can take to prepare for a storm in advance. These are things you should and should not do when Hurricane Watches are issued in your area.While forecasters have an idea of where a storm will go, hurricanes can be unpredictable. Some storms have changed suddenly and directed paths in areas they were supposed to miss. For this reason, continue to monitor regularly reports after storm watch was issued. Do not assume that because your specific area is not under surveillance when it will not be a day or two later. Hurricane forecasting is not an exact science, and it is important to be prepared to take steps to evacuate or prepare your home for a moment's notice. Have a hurricane plan in place before a storm hits is an important part of the preparation. Wait until the last minute can often lead to disaster. Familiarize yourself with local evacuation routes in advance. Buy supplies early to avoid long lines and empty shelves. Create a contact list for family members so you can stay in touch. Gather your supplies in an area if you are not scrambling to find them in an emergency. It's also a good idea to have cash on hand in case a storm knocks out power and credit or debit card will not work.If local authorities say that you need to evacuate, do. There is a good reason for them to tell you to leave your home. The area that you may be prone to flooding or other problems in the case of a storm. If you choose to stay in your home, emergency personnel may not be able to reach you if you have a problem during the hurricane. The evacuation can be annoying, but it's the best way to ensure you stay safe. Identify shelters and hotels that you can stay ahead and leave early if possible. Though you may be frightened by a thunderstorm, do not panic. Clear thinking is required to prepare. Go to your list of storm preparations and check them...

na and Bertha resonate in the minds of people that terrible natural disasters. Thank you to more and more knowledge about the formation of hurricanes, meteorologists are getting better every year to alert people in the danger zones of storms approach. A basic knowledge of the formation of hurricanes may also be helpful for citizens to understand the warnings and how to react accordingly. A hurricane is actually a particular classification of a much broader category of the storm known as a tropical cyclone. Tropical cyclones are identified by their large size, spiral cloud formation, heavy rain and strong winds. Tropical cyclones can occur in many different oceans worldwide. They acquired a variety of titles in different regions, called tropical storms, cyclones, hurricanes and typhoons. Which individual classification of tropical cyclones receive is based on their strength and origin.Tropical cyclones region can be classified as hurricanes based on two criteria. First, the Hurricane name is used only for the storms that form along North and South America, especially in the South Atlantic and the Pacific. These storms are divided into three categories: tropical depressions, tropical storms and hurricanes. Each category is noted by an increase in sustained winds, gusts of wind, and barometric pressure. Hurricanes have group other paragraphs, Category 1 to Category 5 hurricane. Although a considerable amount of research has been on the formation of hurricanes, weather forecasters are not yet quite sure the exact triggers that go into creating a hurricane. However, several factors exist that scientists can look out for predicting training. Factors that contribute to the formation of hurricanes include high temperature water, air - rapid cooling caused by two fronts meet, high humidity, low pure wind and proximity to the equator. Perhaps the most important factor involved is the circulation of air because without the cyclonic distinctive pattern, tropical s...

Marine plants are not as lucky as their cohorts of animals when it comes to hurricanes survive, but they are still stronger than the human population. As these plants are immobile, they must weather the storm, often taking the brunt of nature's wrath. This is most evident in the shallow waters, where certain herbs and plants are uprooted, causing many to die. However, even being removed from the bottom of the sea does not kill all plant species, as some have developed the ability to reroot when conditions are favorable. Plants in deeper waters are probably not affected by anything that happens on the surface, with an expansive water pillow the vibrations of the storm.

With so many factors involved, it can be difficult to work on the effects of specific storms on wetlands and, in particular, their contributions to land loss. But, thanks to high-resolution satellite images, we begin to learn about the impacts of hurricanes fine. My colleagues and I compared satellite images of wetlands of Louisiana before and after Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, Gustav and Ike, and created two types of specialized maps : one shows the fraction of water in a given region, and other distinguished land of water pixel by pixel. By comparing changes in each pixel during the five-year period, we can make the difference between earth changes / water that are temporary and those who are more permanent. A pixel has changed from land to water after a storm and remained water in subsequent years of lost land due to persistent this storm. But a pixel that changed land to water and back to land means short-term change, representing either seasonal recovery or post- storm.

While hurricanes are not likely to completely remove wetlands, they are able to do major damage. Their powerful winds, precipitation and flood waters rush can make enough trouble to permanently remove the earth. The surf can break loose sediment marsh and thick grass mats death, which are flexible and easily reshaped. Sometimes water flow channels rapidly moving inland, which never dry up - contributing to the permanent loss of land. Rushing wind and water can compact or moving carpet of grass and mud while wearing small tufts of dead plants marsh marshes or inland shores. And when the saltwater flooding in freshwater marshes, plants and animals of wetlands may suffer temporary or long-term changes that chemical changes in the water around them.

And what did we find? Hurricane Katrina has done significant damage to coastal wetlands than other storms have strengthened. 200 mph winds, long-term (20 hours), and depth of up to five meters (16 feet) of the Katrina storm surge caused widespread erosion that has permanently changed the shape of the marshes south Louisiana. In addition, freshwater marshes, such as many of those affected by Hurricane Katrina are more sensitive to the loss of land by the hurricanes that salt marshes. That's because their soil, based on decaying plants, is more easily carried the heavier clay soils found in salt water or brackish marshes. In comparison, smaller increase one month later Hurricane Rita has not contributed much more damage, only reinforce the effects of Katrina.

The cards then show three years of recovery between 2005 and 2008, with plants swamp back and abundant growth new vegetation colonizing shallow ponds formed by Katrina until more storms hit. Although little new land losses occurred by Hurricanes Gustav and Ike in 2008, most forces removed the vegetation regrown, reversing the value of the recovery of three years in a swamp two weeks. Fortunately, southern Louisiana have been no major hurricanes since then, so we expect that the recent images will show some sustainable recovery of the marshes, at least until the next storm arrives.

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